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Scientific article
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Community-based symptom reporting among agro-pastoralists and their livestock in Chad in a One Health approach

Published inActa tropica, vol. 253, 107167
Publication date2024-03
Abstract

One Health Syndromic Surveillance has a high potential for detecting early epidemiological events in remote and hard-to-reach populations. Chadian pastoralists living close to their animals and being socio-economically unprivileged have an increased risk for zoonosis exposure. Engaging communities in disease surveillance could also strengthen preparedness capacities for outbreaks in rural Chad. This study describes a retrospective cross-sectional survey that collected data on clinical symptoms reported in people and livestock in Chadian agro-pastoral communities. In January-February 2018, interviews were conducted in rural households living in nomadic camps or settled villages in the Yao and Danamadji health districts. The questionnaire covered demographic data and symptoms reported in humans and animals for the hot, wet, and cold seasons over the last 12 months. Incidence rates of human and animal symptoms were comparatively analyzed at the household level. Ninety-two households with a homogeneous socio-demographic distribution were included. We observed cough and diarrhea as the most frequent symptoms reported simultaneously in humans and animals. In all species, the incidence rate of cough was significantly higher during the cold season, and diarrhea tended to occur more frequently during the wet season. However, the incidence rate of cough and diarrhea in animals did not predict the incidence rate of these symptoms in humans. Overall, the variations in reported symptoms were consistent with known seasonal, regional, and sociological influences on endemic diseases. Our retrospective study demonstrated the feasibility of collecting relevant health data in humans and animals in remote regions with low access to health services by actively involving community members. This encourages establishing real-time community-based syndromic surveillance in areas such as rural Chad.

eng
Keywords
  • Chad
  • One Health
  • Agro-pastoralists
  • Syndromic surveillance
  • Zoonoses
Citation (ISO format)
DORAS, Camille et al. Community-based symptom reporting among agro-pastoralists and their livestock in Chad in a One Health approach. In: Acta tropica, 2024, vol. 253, p. 107167. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2024.107167
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ISSN of the journal0001-706X
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