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Scientific article
English

Predictors of Nursing Home Placement in a Cohort of European People with Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementia Cases Enrolled in SCU-B or Non SCU-B Centers : The RECage Study

Published inJournal of Alzheimer's disease, vol. 98, no. 3, p. 1043-1052
Publication date2024-03-12
First online date2024-03-12
Abstract

Background: Nursing home placement (NHP) can be the final step of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Objective: We aimed to identify NHP predictors among 508 people with dementia with a 3-year follow-up.

Methods: We analyzed data from the international observational RECage study, involving 508 people with especially Alzheimer's disease and comparing a cohort enrolled by five centers with a Special Care Unit for BPSD (behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia) and another one enrolled by six centers lacking this facility. The tertiary objective of the study was to assess the possible role of the SCU-B in delaying NHP. We assessed the relationship of the baseline characteristics with NHP by means of univariate analysis followed by Cox's multivariate model.

Results: Patients' mean age was 78.1 years, 54.9% were women. Diagnosis mean age was 75.4 (±8.32) years; the main diagnosis was Alzheimer's disease (296; 58.4%). During follow-up, 96 (18.9%) patients died and 153 (30.1%) were institutionalized without a statistically significant difference between the two cohorts (p = 0.9626). The mean NHP time was 902 (95% CI: 870-934). The multivariable analysis without death as a competing risk retained four independent predictors of NHP: age increase (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.023, 95% CI: 1.000-1.046), patient education level increase (HR = 1.062, 95% CI: 1.024-1.101), Neuropsychiatric Inventory total increase (HR = 1.018; 95% CI: 1.011-1.026), and total Mini-Mental State Examination as a favorable factor (HR = 0.948, 95% CI: 0.925-0.971). Gender (females versus males: HR = 1.265, 95% CI: 0.899-1.781) was included in the final Cox's model for adjusting the estimates for.

Conclusions: Our data partially agree with the predictors of NHP in literature including the effect of high education level. No caregivers' factors were statistically significant.

Clinical trial registration: NCT03507504.

eng
Keywords
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Dementia
  • Nursing home placement
  • Predictive factors
Citation (ISO format)
CESANA, Bruno Mario et al. Predictors of Nursing Home Placement in a Cohort of European People with Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementia Cases Enrolled in SCU-B or Non SCU-B Centers : The RECage Study. In: Journal of Alzheimer’s disease, 2024, vol. 98, n° 3, p. 1043–1052. doi: 10.3233/JAD-230878
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ISSN of the journal1387-2877
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