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Scientific article
Open access
English

Respectful Caring for the Agitated Elderly (ReCAGE) : A Multicentre, Prospective, Observational Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Special Care Units for People with Dementia

Published inJournal of Alzheimer's disease, vol. 96, no. 3, p. 1083-1096
Publication date2023
Abstract

Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) bring complexity in the clinical management of people with dementia; therefore, it is important to evaluate different models of care, such as Special Care Units (SCU-B).∥Objective:To evaluate the SCU-B effectiveness toward alleviating BPSD and improving the quality of life (QoL) of patients and their caregivers.∥Methods:ReCAGE was a multicenter, controlled, longitudinal study where 508 patients with BPSD were enrolled in two cohorts: 262 patients from centers endowed with a SCU-B, and 246 from centers without SCU-B. Statistical analyses included factorial ANCOVA for comparison among centers. The primary endpoint was effectiveness of the SCU-B, measured through the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) changes. Secondary endpoints were change in QoL of patients and caregivers, and the tertiary endpoint was time to nursing home admission.∥Results:The NPI scores decreased in both arms, with a statistically significant difference from baseline to 36 months (p < 0.0001) in both cohorts. Over time, NPI decreased more steeply during the first year in the SCU-B arm, but in the following two years the slope was clearly in favor of the control arm. This different pattern of the two cohorts reached statistical significance at the interaction "cohort by time" (p < 0.0001). Conflicting results were found regarding the outcomes of quality of life, while there were no differences in time to institutionalization in both cohorts.∥Conclusion:The RECage study did not confirm the long-term superiority of the pathway comprising a SCU-B. A post-hoc analysis revealed data supporting their acute effectiveness during behavioral crises.

eng
Keywords
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Neuropsychiatric Inventory
  • Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia
  • Caregiver burden
  • Dementia
  • Special care unit
  • Humans
  • Aged
  • Dementia / psychology
  • Quality of Life
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Prospective Studies
  • Caregivers / psychology
Citation (ISO format)
MENDES AGUIAR SANTOS, Aline et al. Respectful Caring for the Agitated Elderly (ReCAGE) : A Multicentre, Prospective, Observational Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Special Care Units for People with Dementia. In: Journal of Alzheimer’s disease, 2023, vol. 96, n° 3, p. 1083–1096. doi: 10.3233/JAD-230708
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1387-2877
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