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European Glaucoma Society – A guide on surgical innovation for glaucoma

ContributorsEGS Surgery Taskforce; European Glaucoma Society
CollaboratorsAbouzeid, Hana; Abegao Pinto, Luis; Sunaric Mégevand, Gordana; Stalmans, Ingeborg; Azuara-Blanco, Augusto; Bron, Alain; Garcia Feijoo, Julian; Garway Heath, Ted; Grehn, Franz; King, Anthony; Kirwan, James; McNaught, Andrew; Mercieca, Karl; Oddone, Francesco; Saldanha, Ian; Spaeth, George; Topouzis, Fotis; Traverso, Carlo Enrico; Tuulonen, Anja
Published inBritish journal of ophthalmology, vol. 107, no. Suppl 1, p. 1-114
Publication date2023-12-21
First online date2023-12-21
Abstract

Glaucoma surgery has been, for many decades now, dominated by the universal gold standard which is trabeculectomy augmented with antimetabolites. Tubes also came into the scene to complement what we use to call conventional or traditional glaucoma surgery. More recently we experienced a changing glaucoma surgery environment with the “advent” of what we have become used to calling Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS). What is the unmet need, what is the gap that these newcomers aim to fill? Hippocrates taught us “bring benefit, not harm” and new glaucoma techniques and devices aim to provide safer surgery compared to conventional surgery. For the patient, but also for the clinician, safety is important. Is more safety achieved with new glaucoma surgery and, if so, is it associated with better, equivalent, or worse efficacy? Is new glaucoma surgery intended to replace conventional surgery or to complement it as an ‘add-on’ to what clinicians already have in their hands to manage glaucoma? Which surgery should be chosen for which patient? What are the options? Are they equivalent? These are too many questions for the clinician! What are the answers to the questions? What is the evidence to support answers? Do we need more evidence and how can we produce high-quality evidence? This EGS Guide explores the changing and challenging glaucoma surgery environment aiming to provide answers to these questions. The EGS uses four words to highlight a continuum: Innovation, Education, Communication, and Implementation. Translating innovation to successful implementation is crucially important and requires high-quality evidence to ensure steps forward to a positive impact on health care when it comes to implementation. The vision of EGS is to provide the best possible well-being and minimal glaucoma-induced visual disability in individuals with glaucoma within an affordable healthcare system. In this regard, assessing the changes in glaucoma surgery is a pivotal contribution to better care. As mentioned, this Guide aims to provide answers to the crucial questions above. However, every clinician is aware that answers may differ for every person: an individualised approach is needed. Therefore, there will be no uniform answer for all situations and all patients. Clinicians would need, through the clinical method and possibly some algorithm, to reach answers and decisions at the individual level. In this regard, evidence is needed to support clinicians to make decisions. Of key importance in this Guide is to provide an overview of existing evidence on glaucoma surgery and specifically on recent innovations and novel devices, but also to set standards in surgical design and reporting for future studies on glaucoma surgical innovation. Designing studies in surgery is particularly challenging because of many subtle variations inherent to surgery and hence multiple factors involved in the outcome, but even more because one needs to define carefully outcomes relevant to the research question but also to the future translation into clinical practice. In addition this Guide aims to provide clinical recommendations on novel procedures already in use when insufficient evidence exists. EGS has a long tradition to provide guidance to the ophthalmic community in Europe and worldwide through the EGS Guidelines (now in their 5th Edition). The EGS leadership recognized that the changing environment....

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Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
EGS Surgery Taskforce, European Glaucoma Society. European Glaucoma Society – A guide on surgical innovation for glaucoma. In: British journal of ophthalmology, 2023, vol. 107, n° Suppl 1, p. 1–114. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2023-egsguidelines
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ISSN of the journal0007-1161
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