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Scientific article
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Testing angular momentum transport processes with asteroseismology of solar-type main-sequence stars

Published inAstronomy & astrophysics, vol. 673, p. L11
Publication date2023-05-12
First online date2023-05-12
Abstract

Context. Thanks to the so-called photometry revolution with the space-based missions CoRoT, Kepler , and TESS, asteroseismology has become a powerful tool to study the internal rotation of stars. The rotation rate depends on the efficiency of the angular momentum (AM) transport inside the star, and its study allows to constrain the internal AM transport processes, as well as improve our understanding of their physical nature.

Aims. We compared the ratio of the rotation rate predicted by asteroseismology and starspot measurements of solar-type stars considering different AM transport prescriptions and investigated whether some of these prescriptions can be ruled out observationally.

Methods. We conducted a two-step modelling procedure of four main-sequence stars from the Kepler LEGACY sample, which consists of an asteroseismic characterisation that serves as a guide for a modelling with rotating models, including a detailed and coherent treatment of the AM transport. The rotation profiles derived with this procedure were used to estimate the ratio of the mean asteroseismic rotation rate with the surface rotation rate from starspot measurements for each AM transport prescriptions. Comparisons between the models were then conducted.

Results. In the hotter part of the Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram (masses typically above ∼1.2  M at solar metallicity), models with only hydrodynamic transport processes and models with additional transport by magnetic instabilities are found to be consistent with previous measurements that observed a low degree (below 30%) of radial differential rotation between the radiative and convective zones. For these stars, which constitute a significant fraction of the Kepler LEGACY sample, a combination of asteroseismic constraints from the splitting of pressure modes and of the surface rotation rate does not allow us to conclude that an efficient AM transport is required in addition to transport by meridional circulation and shear instability alone. Even a model assuming local AM conservation cannot be ruled out. In the colder part of the HR diagram, the situation is different because of the efficient braking of the stellar surface by magnetised winds. We find a clear disagreement between the rotational properties of models that only include hydrodynamic processes and asteroseismic constraints, while models with magnetic fields correctly reproduce the observations, similarly to the solar case.

Conclusions. This shows the existence of a mass regime corresponding to main-sequence F-type stars for which it is difficult to constrain the AM transport processes, unlike for hotter, Gamma Dor stars or colder, less massive solar analogues. The comparison between asteroseismic measurements and surface rotation rates enables us to easily rule out models with an inefficient transport of AM in the colder part of the HR diagram.

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Citation (ISO format)
BÉTRISEY, Jérôme et al. Testing angular momentum transport processes with asteroseismology of solar-type main-sequence stars. In: Astronomy & astrophysics, 2023, vol. 673, p. L11. doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/202245764
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ISSN of the journal0004-6361
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