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Scientific article
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Diagnostic value of clot formation parameters determined by rotational thromboelastometry in 63 patients with congenital dysfibrinogenemia

Published inBlood coagulation & fibrinolysis, vol. 35, no. 2, p. 56-61
Publication date2024-03-01
First online date2024-01-22
Abstract

Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is a global hemostasis assay. The diagnosis added value of ROTEM in congenital dysfibrinogenemia remains to be established. The aim of this study was to analyze clot formation by ROTEM in a cohort of dysfibrinogenemic patients and to establish correlations with genotype, clinical features, and coagulation parameters. The study included genetically confirmed congenital dysfibrinogenemia cases (n = 63) and healthy controls (n = 50). EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM tests were used to measure ROTEM parameters, that is, clotting time (CT), clot formation time (CFT), maximal clot firmness (MCF) and amplitude 10 min after CT (A10). The ISTH bleeding assessment tool was used to determine bleeding episodes. CT (INTEM) was statistically significantly shorter in congenital dysfibrinogenemia patients compared to controls while CFT (EXTEM) was prolonged. Patients's MCF in EXTEM, INTEM, and FIBTEM were similar to controls while A10 (FIBTEM) was statistically significantly lower. Fibrinogen activity was positively correlated with fibrinogen antigen, A10 and MCF in all three assays. Bleeding phenotypes were observed in 23 (36.5%) patients. Only CFT in EXTEM and CT in INTEM were statistically different in patients with bleeding phenotype versus controls. Carriers of the FGA mutation p.Arg35His had a CT (EXTEM) slightly prolonged and a reduced A10 (FIBTEM) compared to controls. Some ROTEM parameters were able to distinguish congenital dysfibrinogenemia patients from controls, and patients with a bleeding phenotype. Prolonged CFT in EXTEM were associated with congenital dysfibrinogenemia and bleeding phenotype. Bleeding episodes in most patients were generally mild and prevalence of thrombosis was very low.

eng
Keywords
  • Afibrinogenemia
  • Benzeneacetamides
  • Blood Coagulation Tests
  • Fibrinogen / genetics
  • Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Piperidones
  • Prospective Studies
  • Thrombelastography
Citation (ISO format)
SIMURDA, Tomas et al. Diagnostic value of clot formation parameters determined by rotational thromboelastometry in 63 patients with congenital dysfibrinogenemia. In: Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis, 2024, vol. 35, n° 2, p. 56–61. doi: 10.1097/MBC.0000000000001274
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ISSN of the journal0957-5235
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