en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Neural bases of reward anticipation in healthy individuals with low, mid, and high levels of schizotypy

Published inScientific reports, vol. 13, no. 1, 9953
Publication date2023-06-19
First online date2023-06-19
Abstract

A growing body of research has placed the ventral striatum at the center of a network of cerebral regions involved in anticipating rewards in healthy controls. However, little is known about the functional connectivity of the ventral striatum associated with reward anticipation in healthy controls. In addition, few studies have investigated reward anticipation in healthy humans with different levels of schizotypy. Here, we investigated reward anticipation in eighty-four healthy individuals (44 females) recruited based on their schizotypy scores. Participants performed a variant of the Monetary Incentive Delay Task while undergoing event-related fMRI.Participants showed the expected decrease in response times for highly rewarded trials compared to non-rewarded trials. Whole-brain activation analyses replicated previous results, including activity in the ventral and dorsal striatum. Whole-brain psycho-physiological interaction analyses of the left and right ventral striatum revealed increased connectivity during reward anticipation with widespread regions in frontal, parietal and occipital cortex as well as the cerebellum and midbrain. Finally, we found no association between schizotypal personality severity and neural activity and cortico-striatal functional connectivity. In line with the motivational, attentional, and motor functions of rewards, our data reveal multifaceted cortico-striatal networks taking part in reward anticipation in healthy individuals. The ventral striatum is connected to regions of the salience, attentional, motor and visual networks during reward anticipation and thereby in a position to orchestrate optimal goal-directed behavior.

eng
Keywords
  • Anticipation, Psychological / physiology
  • Brain / physiology
  • Brain Mapping
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Motivation
  • Reward
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder / diagnostic imaging
  • Ventral Striatum / diagnostic imaging
Citation (ISO format)
CARRUZZO, Fabien et al. Neural bases of reward anticipation in healthy individuals with low, mid, and high levels of schizotypy. In: Scientific reports, 2023, vol. 13, n° 1, p. 9953. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-37103-2
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal2045-2322
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