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Scientific article
Open access
English

High-energy blunt pelvic ring injury incidence and polytrauma caseload in a single level I trauma center during COVID-19 related pseudo-lockdown measures : a retrospective cohort study based on a prospective registry

Published inEuropean journal of medical research, vol. 28, no. 1, 325
Publication date2023-09-08
First online date2023-09-08
Abstract

Background: Pelvic ring injuries are potentially lethal lesions associated with polytrauma patients and need an efficient trauma team for their management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of high-energy blunt pelvic ring injuries and the absolute number of polytrauma patients in a single level I trauma center during the 2020 pseudo-lockdown period related to the Coronavirus pandemic, and to compare it with corresponding periods in 2014-2019 in order to better understand the need of organized and dedicated personnel and infrastructures.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study was based on data prospectively recorded into the institutional Severely Injured Patients' Registry. Data were obtained for each year period (January 1st to December 31st) and corresponding pseudo-lockdown period (March 16th to June 19th). High-energy blunt pelvic ring injuries inclusion criteria were: (1) Registry entry between January 1st, 2014 and December 31st, 2020; (2) age ≥ 16 years old; and (3) pelvic ring injury presence. Corresponding exclusion criteria were: (1) death before admission; (2) transfer from another institution > 24 h after trauma; (3) penetrating, blast, burn and electrical injuries, drownings; (4) patients living outside the defined institution's catchment area; and (5) any document attesting the patient's will to not participate in any study. Polytrauma patients inclusion criteria were: (1) Registry entry between January 1st, 2014 and December 31st, 2020; (2) age ≥ 16 years old; and (3) Injury Severity Score ≥ 16. Corresponding exclusion criteria were: (1) death before admission; (2) transfer from another institution > 24 h after trauma; and (3) any document attesting the patient's will to not participate in any study. Categorical variables were reported using proportions and continuous variables using medians and interquartile ranges. Because data were exhaustive for the authors' level I trauma center, no inferential statistics were computed.

Results: The incidence of high-energy blunt pelvic ring injuries and the absolute number of polytrauma patients remained within range of previous years despite pseudo-lockdown measures.

Conclusions: These observations bring better knowledge about pseudo-lockdown's impact on trauma and may help for future health strategy planning by pointing out the importance of maintaining the activity of level I trauma centers in terms of personnel and infrastructures.

eng
Keywords
  • COVID-19
  • High-energy trauma
  • Lockdown
  • Pelvic ring injury
  • Polytrauma
  • Humans
  • Adolescent
  • Trauma Centers
  • Incidence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • COVID-19 / epidemiology
  • Communicable Disease Control
  • Multiple Trauma / epidemiology
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating
  • Registries
Citation (ISO format)
MORELLO, Vanessa et al. High-energy blunt pelvic ring injury incidence and polytrauma caseload in a single level I trauma center during COVID-19 related pseudo-lockdown measures : a retrospective cohort study based on a prospective registry. In: European journal of medical research, 2023, vol. 28, n° 1, p. 325. doi: 10.1186/s40001-023-01313-1
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0949-2321
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Creation09/14/2023 7:07:21 AM
First validation03/27/2024 9:02:57 AM
Update time03/27/2024 9:02:57 AM
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