en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Impact of training in the supervision of clinical reasoning in the pediatric emergency department on residents’ perception of the on-call experience

Published inArchives de pédiatrie, vol. 30, no. 8, p. 550-557
Publication date2023-11
Abstract

Background: In 2021, the prevalence of signs of burnout among medical residents was reported to be 67%. Being on call is particularly stressful for residents, notably due to their lack of medical experience. When they are on call, several factors contribute to a mismatch between the residents' theoretical knowledge and the operationalization of that knowledge in a clinical reasoning process. Using the script and cognitive load theories as a basis, we hypothesized that training clinician-teachers in the supervision of clinical reasoning could improve residents' perception of the experience of being on call.

Methods: We performed a longitudinal, exploratory, controlled study with a cohort of medical residents who were on call in the pediatric emergency department during the semester from 1 November 2021 to 30 April 2022. During the night, the residents on call in the pediatric emergency department completed validated questionnaires investigating (1) mental effort, (2) cognitive weariness, (3) state anxiety, (4) feeling of self-efficacy, and (5) well-being. We compared the questionnaires of residents supervised by pediatricians trained in the supervision of clinical reasoning (supervision group) with those of residents in a control group, supervised by pediatricians with no specific pedagogical training.

Results: A total of 284 questionnaires (174 supervision group, 110 controls) were collected from 38 residents in three pediatric emergency departments. The results confirm that being on call is difficult for residents. Compared to the control group, residents in the supervision group had lower cognitive weariness scores (mean 3.0 ± 1.1 vs. 3.5 ± 1.3). There was no significant difference between groups for any of the other dimensions of the on-call experience. In the supervision group, mental effort was significantly lower at the end of the study semester (5 [5-6] when on call in month 6 of the semester vs. 6 [5-7] when on call in months 1-5 of the semester; p = 0.01) and was greater for more senior residents (7 [6-8] for those in the 4th or higher semester of residency vs. 6 [5-7] for residents in their 1st, 2nd, or 3rd semester of residency; β = 0.92 ± 0.40; p = 0.02).

Conclusion: Beyond the positive effects for residents, this study illustrates the feasibility of implementing training for clinicians in the supervision of clinical reasoning.

eng
Keywords
  • Clinical reasoning
  • Emergency
  • Medical education
  • On-call duty
  • Pediatrics
  • Supervision
  • Training
  • Child
  • Clinical Reasoning
  • Educational Measurement / methods
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency
  • Perception
Citation (ISO format)
PIETREMENT, Christine et al. Impact of training in the supervision of clinical reasoning in the pediatric emergency department on residents’ perception of the on-call experience. In: Archives de pédiatrie, 2023, vol. 30, n° 8, p. 550–557. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2023.08.006
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0929-693X
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