Scientific article

Retractions in primary care journals (2000-2022)

ContributorsSeboe, Paulorcid
Published inScientometrics, vol. 128, p. 6739-6760
Publication date2023-12
First online date2023-10-21

No study has so far examined retractions in primary care. Our aim was to assess the number/proportion of retracted articles in primary care journals and describe their main characteristics. For comparison, we also calculated the number/proportion of retractions for general internal medicine journals and for all PubMed articles. We selected the eighteen primary care journals with Journal Citation Reports (JCR) impact factor in 2021. We retrieved all PubMed articles published in these journals between January 2000 and December 2022 that were retracted. We calculated the proportion of retractions by dividing the number of retractions by the number of PubMed articles published in these journals during the same period. We also calculated the proportion of retractions for (i) all PubMed articles published in the 117 general internal medicine journals with a JCR impact factor > 2 in 2021 and (ii) all PubMed articles. We found seven retractions among the 52,453 PubMed articles published in the eighteen primary care journals. The proportion of retractions (= 0.013%) was about two times lower than for articles published in internal medicine journals (= 0.028%) and about four times lower than for all PubMed articles (= 0.056%). Four articles were retracted for misconduct, two for unintentional errors and one for another reason. Although it may be explained by a particularly high level of scientific rigour and integrity among primary care researchers, the low number of retractions in primary care journals raises questions about the effectiveness of retraction measures in these journals.

  • Error
  • Fraud
  • General internal medicine
  • Misconduct
  • Plagiarism
  • Primary care
  • Retraction
Citation (ISO format)
SEBOE, Paul. Retractions in primary care journals (2000-2022). In: Scientometrics, 2023, vol. 128, p. 6739–6760. doi: 10.1007/s11192-023-04850-y
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0138-9130

Technical informations

Creation10/23/2023 10:54:19 AM
First validation03/18/2024 6:57:11 PM
Update time03/18/2024 6:57:11 PM
Status update03/18/2024 6:57:11 PM
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