en
Book chapter
French

Contexte d’origine, champs historique et historiographique. Une approche polychronique articulant l’étude de cas à la longue durée

ContributorsRatcliff, Marc
Published inSine Ira ac Studio. Metodo e impegno civile per una razionalità illuministica, Editors Francesco Luzzini, p. 315-336
PublisherMilano : Mimesis
Publication date2023
Abstract

This paper is devoted to an analysis of the relationship between case studies and the long term in the history of the life sciences, demonstrating the value of a polychronic approach to the study of the construction of a scientific object. A critical analysis of Paula Findlen’s classic case study of Francesco Redi demonstrated the radical difference between this approach and the naive view that the long term is the very form of science. The goal was to provide answers to several questions: Are there limitations specific to a case study? Shouldn’t the long term be reduced to the case study, to processes of a different nature, such as the construction of scientific objects and practices? Can an isolated case study address a long-term problem? To provide a basis for these answers, we propose an approach that distinguishes between the local context of origin, the historical field, and the historiographical field in relation to the construction of a scientific object and practices. By making a precise distinction between each field and its contribution to the construction of a scientific object, this approach also proposes a polychronic methodology to address the problem of anachronism.

eng
Keywords
  • Historical epistemology
  • Francesco Redi
  • History of experimentalism
  • Case study
  • Sevententh century science
  • Polychronism
  • Anachronism
  • Historiographical field
Citation (ISO format)
RATCLIFF, Marc. Contexte d’origine, champs historique et historiographique. Une approche polychronique articulant l’étude de cas à la longue durée. In: Sine Ira ac Studio. Metodo e impegno civile per una razionalità illuministica. Milano : Mimesis, 2023. p. 315–336.
Main files (1)
Book chapter (Accepted version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
  • PID : unige:175647
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