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Scientific article
Open access
English

Antibiotic selection pressure and resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes

Published inEmerging infectious diseases, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 514-517
Publication date2004-03
Abstract

We correlated outpatient antibiotic use with prevalence of penicillin-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae (PNSP), macrolide-resistant S. pneumoniae (MRSP), and macrolide-resistant S. pyogenes (MRGAS) in 20 countries. Total antibiotic use was correlated with PNSP (r = 0.75; p < 0.001), as was macrolide use with MRSP (r = 0.88; p < 0.001) and MRGAS (r = 0.71; p = 0.004). Streptococcal resistance is directly associated with antibiotic selection pressure on a national level.

eng
Keywords
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial / drug effects
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Penicillin Resistance
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Prevalence
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / drug effects
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / drug effects
  • United States
Citation (ISO format)
ALBRICH, Werner C, MONNET, Dominique L, HARBARTH, Stéphan Juergen. Antibiotic selection pressure and resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes. In: Emerging infectious diseases, 2004, vol. 10, n° 3, p. 514–517. doi: 10.3201/eid1003.030252
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1080-6040
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61downloads

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