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Scientific article
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English

UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8-Mediated UV-B Response Is Required Alongside CRYPTOCHROME 1 for Plant Survival in Sunlight under Field Conditions

Published inPlant & Cell Physiology, vol. 65, no. 1, p. 35-48
Publication date2024-01-19
Abstract

As sessile, photoautotrophic organisms, plants are subjected to fluctuating sunlight that includes potentially detrimental ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. Experiments under controlled conditions have shown that the UV-B photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8) controls acclimation and tolerance to UV-B in Arabidopsis thaliana; however, its long-term impact on plant fitness under naturally fluctuating environments remain poorly understood. Here, we quantified the survival and reproduction of different Arabidopsis mutant genotypes under diverse field and laboratory conditions. We found that uvr8 mutants produced more fruits than wild type when grown in growth chambers under artificial low-UV-B conditions but not under natural field conditions, indicating a fitness cost in the absence of UV-B stress. Importantly, independent double mutants of UVR8 and the blue light photoreceptor gene CRYPTOCHROME 1 (CRY1) in two genetic backgrounds showed a drastic reduction in fitness in the field. Experiments with UV-B attenuation in the field and with supplemental UV-B in growth chambers demonstrated that UV-B caused the cry1 uvr8 conditional lethal phenotype. Using RNA-seq data of field-grown single and double mutants, we explicitly identified genes showing significant statistical interaction of UVR8 and CRY1 mutations in the presence of UV-B in the field. They were enriched in Gene Ontology categories related to oxidative stress, photoprotection and DNA damage repair in addition to UV-B response. Our study demonstrates the functional importance of the UVR8-mediated response across life stages in natura, which is partially redundant with that of cry1. Moreover, these data provide an integral picture of gene expression associated with plant responses under field conditions.

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Keywords
  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Abiotic stress
  • Common garden
  • Photoreceptor
  • Survival
  • UV attenuation
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Cryptochromes / genetics
  • Cryptochromes / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Sunlight
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
STOCKENHUBER, Reinhold et al. UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8-Mediated UV-B Response Is Required Alongside CRYPTOCHROME 1 for Plant Survival in Sunlight under Field Conditions. In: Plant & Cell Physiology, 2024, vol. 65, n° 1, p. 35–48. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcad113
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ISSN of the journal0032-0781
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