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Scientific article
Open access
French

De la mémoire visuelle à la répétition expérimentale: les conditions de l’étude de la lumière chez Pierre Bouguer

ContributorsRatcliff, Marc
Published inSciences et techniques en perspective, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 423-445
Publication date1999
Abstract

At the intersection of the history of psychology and creativity theory, this article analyzes the construction of experimentation developed by the physicist Pierre Bouguer in his Essai sur les gradations de la lumière (1729). For this purpose, an analysis of the segments of experimentation was used, which consisted in identifying the isolable, relevant and necessary parts of an experiment on the material, procedural and conceptual levels. We show how different figures, i.e. modes of segment transformation, allowed Bouguer to move from segments existing in his scholarly context to his new experimental setup. In this way, segment analysis provides a rigorous tool for theories of creativity, while Bouguer’s new experimental setup affected the status of memory in the history of psychology. Indeed, his experiments contributed to the rejection of visual memory as a standard faculty of knowledge, replacing it with a comparative relationship between a control segment and an experimental segment.

eng
Keywords
  • Pierre Bouguer
  • Creativity theory
  • Segment analysis
  • Experimental setup
  • History of psychology
  • Visual memory
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
RATCLIFF, Marc. De la mémoire visuelle à la répétition expérimentale: les conditions de l’étude de la lumière chez Pierre Bouguer. In: Sciences et techniques en perspective, 1999, vol. 3, n° 2, p. 423–445.
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
  • PID : unige:175297
ISSN of the journal0294-0264
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