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Shepherds and plants in the Alps: multi-proxy archaeobotanical analysis of neolithic dung from “La Grande Rivoire” (Isère, France)

Published inJournal of archaeological science, vol. 35, no. 11, p. 2937-2952
Publication date2008
Abstract

The analysis of phytoliths, pollen, charcoal and other macroremains was carried out in the neolithic shelter of “La Grande Rivoire”, Vercors massif (French Alps). The results show the predominance of tree species, in the form of phytoliths, clustered pollen, stomata, small branches charcoal, needles, bark, buds… The practice of leaf fodder is already known in the alpine and circum-alpine area from archaeological and historical sources. The analyses of the neolithic dung levels of “La Grande Rivoire” illustrate the use of leafy and flowering tree branches as fodder. The results also suggest that some species were used for special purpose in relation with the tending of livestock (litter, dietary supplement, veterinary practices).

Keywords
  • Phytolith
  • Plant macroremains
  • Charcoal
  • Pollen
  • Neolithic
  • Fodder
  • Agro-pastoral practices
  • French Alps
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
DELHON, C et al. Shepherds and plants in the Alps: multi-proxy archaeobotanical analysis of neolithic dung from “La Grande Rivoire” (Isère, France). In: Journal of archaeological science, 2008, vol. 35, n° 11, p. 2937–2952. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2008.06.007
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ISSN of the journal0305-4403
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