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Scientific article
Open access
English

Apical dehydration impairs the cystic fibrosis airway epithelium barrier via a β1-integrin/YAP1 pathway

Published inLife science alliance, vol. 7, no. 4, e202302449
Publication date2024-04
First online date2024-02-09
Abstract

Defective hydration of airway surface mucosa is associated with lung infection in cystic fibrosis (CF), partly caused by disruption of the epithelial barrier integrity. Although rehydration of the CF airway surface liquid (ASL) alleviates epithelium vulnerability to infection by junctional protein expression, the mechanisms linking ASL to barrier integrity are unknown. We show here the strong degradation of YAP1 and TAZ proteins in well-polarized CF human airway epithelial cells (HAECs), a process that was prevented by ASL rehydration. Conditional silencing ofYAP1in rehydrated CF HAECs indicated that YAP1 expression was necessary for the maintenance of junctional complexes. A higher plasma membrane tension in CF HAECs reduced endocytosis, concurrent with the maintenance of activeβ1-integrin ectopically located at the apical membrane. Pharmacological inhibition ofβ1-integrin accumulation restored YAP1 expression in CF HAECs. These results indicate that dehydration of the CF ASL affects epithelial plasma membrane tension, resulting in ectopic activation of aβ1-integrin/YAP1 signaling pathway associated with degradation of junctional proteins.

eng
Keywords
  • Humans
  • Cystic Fibrosis / metabolism
  • Cystic Fibrosis / pathology
  • Dehydration / metabolism
  • Epithelium / metabolism
  • Epithelium / pathology
  • Integrin beta1 / metabolism
  • Respiratory Mucosa / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
Citation (ISO format)
SIMONIN, Juliette Lynn et al. Apical dehydration impairs the cystic fibrosis airway epithelium barrier via a β1-integrin/YAP1 pathway. In: Life science alliance, 2024, vol. 7, n° 4, p. e202302449. doi: 10.26508/lsa.202302449
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2575-1077
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