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Scientific article
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English

The Rise of the Cartwheel: Seeding the Centriole Organelle

Published inBioEssays, vol. 40, no. 4, p. 1-10; 1700241
Publication date2018-03-06
First online date2018-03-06
Abstract

The cartwheel is a striking structure critical for building the centriole, a microtubule‐based organelle fundamental for organizing centrosomes, cilia, and flagella. Over the last 50 years, the cartwheel has been described in many systems using electron microscopy, but the molecular nature of its constituent building blocks and their assembly mechanisms have long remained mysterious. Here, we review discoveries that led to the current understanding of cartwheel structure, assembly, and function. We focus on the key role of SAS‐6 protein self‐organization, both for building the signature ring‐like structure with hub and spokes, as well as for their vertical stacking. The resemblance of assembly intermediates in vitro and in vivo leads us to propose a novel registration step in cartwheel biogenesis, whereby stacked SAS‐6‐containing rings are put in register through interactions with peripheral elements anchored to microtubules. We conclude by evoking some avenues for further uncovering cartwheel and centriole assembly mechanisms.

eng
Keywords
  • SAS-6
  • Basal bodies
  • Cartwheel
  • Centrioles
  • Cilia
Citation (ISO format)
GUICHARD, Paul, HAMEL, Virginie, GONCZY, Pierre. The Rise of the Cartwheel: Seeding the Centriole Organelle. In: BioEssays, 2018, vol. 40, n° 4, p. 1–10. doi: 10.1002/bies.201700241
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ISSN of the journal0265-9247
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