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A comparison of the fixed combination of latanoprost and timolol with the unfixed combination of brimonidine and timolol in patients with elevated intraocular pressure. A six month, evaluator masked, multicentre study in Europe

Published inBritish journal of ophthalmology, vol. 88, no. 7, p. 877-883
Publication date2004-07-01
Abstract

Purpose: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) reducing effect and safety of fixed combination (FC) latanoprost/timolol with unfixed combination (UFC) brimonidine/timolol in patients with increased IOP.

Methods: In this 6 month, randomised, evaluator masked, parallel group European study, patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension and IOP > or =21 mm Hg on monotherapy or >16 mm Hg on dual therapy received either FC latanoprost/timolol at 8:00AM or UFC brimonidine/timolol at 8:00AM and 8:00PM. The primary outcome was the difference from baseline to month 6 in mean diurnal IOP reduction.

Results: 325 of 334 randomised patients were included in intent to treat analyses (FC latanoprost/timolol, 163; UFC brimonidine/timolol, 162). Baseline diurnal IOP levels were similar: FC latanoprost/timolol, 26.4 (SD 2.7) mm Hg; UFC brimonidine/timolol, 26.5 (SD 2.8) mm Hg (p = 0.851). At month 6, levels were 16.9 (SD 2.8) mm Hg in FC latanoprost/timolol patients and 18.2 (SD 3.1) mm Hg in UFC brimonidine/timolol patients (p<0.001). No adverse events were reported by 76.4% and 75.5% of patients receiving FC latanoprost/timolol versus UFC brimonidine/timolol, respectively. Larger proportions of brimonidine/timolol treated patients reported study medication related adverse events (18.6% v 7.3%) and discontinued study participation because of this (10.8% v 1.8%).

Conclusion: Fixed combination latanoprost/timolol administered once daily is both more effective and better tolerated than twice daily dosing with UFC brimonidine/timolol.

eng
Keywords
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Exons / genetics
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Humans
  • Intermediate Filament Proteins / genetics
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Pedigree
  • Peripherins
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Retinal Degeneration / genetics
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
GARCIA-SANCHEZ, J et al. A comparison of the fixed combination of latanoprost and timolol with the unfixed combination of brimonidine and timolol in patients with elevated intraocular pressure. A six month, evaluator masked, multicentre study in Europe. In: British journal of ophthalmology, 2004, vol. 88, n° 7, p. 877–883. doi: 10.1136/bjo.2003.029330
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ISSN of the journal0007-1161
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