en
Scientific article
English

Real-life experience with remdesivir for treatment of COVID-19 among older adults : a multicentre retrospective study

Published inThe journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, vol. 78, no. 6, p. 1505-1509
Publication date2023-04-22
First online date2023-04-22
Abstract

Introduction

The effect of remdesivir on COVID-19 mortality remains conflicting. Elderly individuals are at risk for poor COVID-19 outcomes. We aimed to assess the effect of remdesivir on COVID-19 mortality among elderly individuals, using real-world data.

Methods

Retrospective multinational cohort of individuals aged ≥65 years, hospitalized with COVID-19 in six medical centres between January 2020 and May 2021. Associations with in-hospital mortality were evaluated using a multivariable logistic regression model with propensity score adjustment for remdesivir therapy and while implementing generalized estimating equations to control for centre effect. Sensitivity analysis was performed by stratification according to the degree of respiratory support.

Results

Of 3010 individuals included, 2788 individuals required either oxygen supplementation or non-invasive/invasive mechanical ventilation, 489 (16%) were treated with remdesivir, and 836 (28%) died. Median age was 77 (IQR 70–84) years and 42% were women. Remdesivir was the only therapeutic intervention associated with decreased mortality [adjusted OR (aOR) 0.49, 95% CI 0.37–0.66, P < 0.001]. This protective effect was shown for individuals requiring oxygen support and non-invasive mechanical ventilation, while no association was found among individuals necessitating invasive mechanical ventilation.

Risk factors for mortality included invasive ventilation (aOR 5.18, 95% CI 2.46–10.91, P < 0.001), higher serum creatinine (aOR 1.25, 95% CI 1.09–1.43, P = 0.001) and dyspnoea (aOR 1.40, 95% CI 1.07–1.84, P = 0.015) on presentation, and other non-modifiable factors, such as comorbidities.

Conclusions

Among elderly individuals hospitalized with COVID-19, remdesivir carries survival benefit for those with moderate to severe disease. Its role among individuals with critical illness should be further assessed.

eng
Keywords
  • Aged
  • Alanine / therapeutic use
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • COVID-19 Drug Treatment
  • COVID-19
  • Female
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
Citation (ISO format)
MARGALIT, Ili et al. Real-life experience with remdesivir for treatment of COVID-19 among older adults : a multicentre retrospective study. In: The journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 2023, vol. 78, n° 6, p. 1505–1509. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkad118
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ISSN of the journal0305-7453
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Technical informations

Creation10/12/2023 11:39:55 AM
First validation02/16/2024 10:22:46 AM
Update time02/16/2024 10:22:46 AM
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