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Steering Away from Current Amoxicillin Dose Reductions in Hospitalized Patients with Impaired Kidney Function to Avoid Subtherapeutic Drug Exposure

Published inAntibiotics, vol. 11, no. 9, 1190
Publication date2022-09-02
First online date2022-09-02
Abstract

Current dose reductions recommended for amoxicillin in patients with impaired kidney function could lead to suboptimal treatments. In a prospective, observational study in hospitalized adults with varying kidney function treated with an IV or oral dose of amoxicillin, amoxicillin concentrations were measured in 1–2 samples on the second day of treatment. Pharmacometric modelling and simulations were performed to evaluate the probability of target attainment (PTA) for 40% of the time above MIC following standard (1000 mg q6h), reduced or increased IV dosing strategies. A total of 210 amoxicillin samples was collected from 155 patients with kidney function based on a CKD-EPI of between 12 and 165 mL/min/1.73 m2. Amoxicillin clearance could be well predicted with body weight and CKD-EPI. Recommended dose adjustments resulted in a clinically relevant reduction in the PTA for the nonspecies-related PK/PD breakpoint MIC of 8 mg/L (92%, 62% and 38% with a CKD-EPI of 10, 20 and 30 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively, versus 100% for the standard dose). For MICs ≤ 2 mg/L, PTA > 90% was reached in these patients following both reduced and standard dose regimens. Our study showed that for amoxicillin, recommended dose reductions with impaired kidney function could lead to subtherapeutic amoxicillin concentrations in hospitalized patients, especially when targeting less susceptible pathogens.

eng
Keywords
  • Amoxicillin
  • Dose optimization
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Pharmacology
Citation (ISO format)
SMIT, Cornelis et al. Steering Away from Current Amoxicillin Dose Reductions in Hospitalized Patients with Impaired Kidney Function to Avoid Subtherapeutic Drug Exposure. In: Antibiotics, 2022, vol. 11, n° 9, p. 1190. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics11091190
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ISSN of the journal2079-6382
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