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Scientific article
Open access
English

Time to antibiotics is unrelated to outcome in pediatric patients with fever in neutropenia presenting without severe disease during chemotherapy for cancer

Published inScientific reports, vol. 12, no. 1, 14028
Publication date2022-08-18
First online date2022-08-18
Abstract

Fever in neutropenia (FN) remains an unavoidable, potentially lethal complication of chemotherapy. Timely administration of empirical broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics has become standard of care. But the impact of time to antibiotics (TTA), the lag period between recognition of fever or arrival at the hospital to start of antibiotics, remains unclear. Here we aimed to analyze the association between TTA and safety relevant events (SRE) in data from a prospective multicenter study. We analyzed the association between time from recognition of fever to start of antibiotics (TTA) and SRE (death, admission to intensive care unit, severe sepsis and bacteremia) with three-level mixed logistic regression. We adjusted for possible triage bias using a propensity score and stratified the analysis by severity of disease at presentation with FN. We analyzed 266 FN episodes, including 53 (20%) with SRE, reported in 140 of 269 patients recruited from April 2016 to August 2018. TTA (median, 120 min; interquartile range, 49-180 min) was not associated with SRE, with a trend for less SREs in episodes with longer TTA. Analyses applying the propensity score suggested a relevant triage bias. Only in patients with severe disease at presentation there was a trend for an association of longer TTA with more SRE. In conclusion, TTA was unrelated to poor clinical outcome in pediatric patients with FN presenting without severe disease. We saw strong evidence for triage bias which could only be partially adjusted.

eng
Keywords
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects
  • Child
  • Fever / chemically induced
  • Fever / etiology
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / chemically induced
  • Neoplasms / complications
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Neutropenia / chemically induced
  • Prospective Studies
Citation (ISO format)
KOENIG, Christa et al. Time to antibiotics is unrelated to outcome in pediatric patients with fever in neutropenia presenting without severe disease during chemotherapy for cancer. In: Scientific reports, 2022, vol. 12, n° 1, p. 14028. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-18168-x
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal2045-2322
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