en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Retention and Transport of Nanoplastics with Different Surface Functionalities in a Sand Filtration System

Published inNanomaterials, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 32
Publication date2023-12-21
First online date2023-12-21
Abstract

The efficiency of sand filtration was investigated in terms of the behavior of the nanoplastics (NPLs) with different surface functionalities. The initial condition concentrations of NPLs were varied, and their effects on retention and transport were investigated under a constant flow rate in saturated porous media. The behavior of NPLs in this porous system was discussed by considering Z- average size and zeta (ζ) potential measurements of each effluent. The retention efficiencies of NPLs were ranked as functionalized with amidine [A-PS]+ > with sulfate [S-PS]− > with surfactant-coated amidine [SDS-A-PS]−. The reversibility of the adsorption process was revealed by introducing surfactant into the sand filter system containing adsorbed [A-PS]+ at three different initial state concentration conditions. The deposition behavior on sand grain showed that positively charged NPLs were attached to the quartz surface, and negatively charged NPLs were attached to the edge of the clay minerals, which can be caused by electrical heterogeneities. The homoaggregates made of positively charged NPLs were more compact than those made of negatively charged NPLs and surfactant-coated NPLs. An anti-correlation was revealed, suggesting a connection between the fractal dimension (Df) of NPL aggregates and retention efficiencies. Increased Df values are associated with decreased retention efficiencies.The findings underscore the crucial influence of NPL surface properties in terms of retention efficiency and reversible adsorption in the presence of surfactants in sand filtration systems.

eng
Keywords
  • Drinking water
  • Nanoplastics
  • Transport
  • Retention efficiency
  • Sand filtration
  • Saturated column
Citation (ISO format)
OKUTAN, Hande et al. Retention and Transport of Nanoplastics with Different Surface Functionalities in a Sand Filtration System. In: Nanomaterials, 2023, vol. 14, n° 1, p. 32. doi: 10.3390/nano14010032
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ISSN of the journal2079-4991
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