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Liver disease in germline mutations of telomere-related genes : prevalence, clinical, radiological, pathological features, outcome, and risk factors

Published inHepatology
Publication date2023-11-06
First online date2023-11-06
Abstract

Background and aim: Germline mutations of telomere-related genes (TRG) induce multiorgan dysfunction, and liver-specific manifestations have not been clearly outlined. We aimed to describe TRG mutations-associated liver diseases.

Approach and results: Retrospective multicentre analysis of liver disease (transaminases>30 IU/L and/or abnormal liver imaging) in patients with TRG mutations. Main measurements were characteristics, outcomes, and risk factors of liver disease in a TRG mutations cohort. The prevalence of liver disease was compared to a community-based control group (n=1190) stratified for age and matched 1:3 for known risk factors of liver disease. Among 132 patients with TRG mutations, 95 (72%) had liver disease, with associated lung, blood, skin, rheumatological and ophthalmological TRG diseases in 82%, 77%, 55%, 39%, and 30% of cases, respectively. Liver biopsy was performed in 52/95 patients, identifying porto-sinusoidal vascular disease (PSVD) in 48%, and advanced fibrosis/cirrhosis in 15%. After a follow-up of 21 months (12-54), ascites, hepato-pulmonary syndrome, variceal bleeding, and hepatocellular carcinoma occurred in 14%, 13%, 13%, and 2% of cases, respectively. Five-year liver transplantation-free survival was 69%. A FIB-4 score ≥3·25 and ≥1 risk factor for cirrhosis were associated with poor liver transplantation-free survival. Liver disease was more frequent in patients with TRG mutations than in the paired control group (80/396, (20%)), OR 12.9 (CI95% 7.8-21.3, p<0.001).

Conclusions: TRG mutations significantly increase the risk of developing liver disease. Although symptoms may be mild they may be associated with severe disease. PSVD and cirrhosis were the most frequent lesions suggesting that the mechanism of action is multifactorial.

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Citation (ISO format)
SIDALI, Sabrina et al. Liver disease in germline mutations of telomere-related genes : prevalence, clinical, radiological, pathological features, outcome, and risk factors. In: Hepatology, 2023. doi: 10.1097/HEP.0000000000000667
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Article (Accepted version)
accessLevelRestrictedaccessLevelPublic 11/07/2024
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ISSN of the journal0270-9139
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