Scientific article
Open access

Time-to-event overall survival prediction in glioblastoma multiforme patients using magnetic resonance imaging radiomics

Published inLa Radiologia medica, vol. 128, no. 12, p. 1521-1534
Publication date2023-12
First online date2023-09-26

Purpose: Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) represents the predominant aggressive primary tumor of the brain with short overall survival (OS) time. We aim to assess the potential of radiomic features in predicting the time-to-event OS of patients with GBM using machine learning (ML) algorithms.

Materials and methods: One hundred nineteen patients with GBM, who had T1-weighted contrast-enhanced and T2-FLAIR MRI sequences, along with clinical data and survival time, were enrolled. Image preprocessing methods included 64 bin discretization, Laplacian of Gaussian (LOG) filters with three Sigma values and eight variations of Wavelet Transform. Images were then segmented, followed by the extraction of 1212 radiomic features. Seven feature selection (FS) methods and six time-to-event ML algorithms were utilized. The combination of preprocessing, FS, and ML algorithms (12 × 7 × 6 = 504 models) was evaluated by multivariate analysis.

Results: Our multivariate analysis showed that the best prognostic FS/ML combinations are the Mutual Information (MI)/Cox Boost, MI/Generalized Linear Model Boosting (GLMB) and MI/Generalized Linear Model Network (GLMN), all of which were done via the LOG (Sigma = 1 mm) preprocessing method (C-index = 0.77). The LOG filter with Sigma = 1 mm preprocessing method, MI, GLMB and GLMN achieved significantly higher C-indices than other preprocessing, FS, and ML methods (all p values < 0.05, mean C-indices of 0.65, 0.70, and 0.64, respectively).

Conclusion: ML algorithms are capable of predicting the time-to-event OS of patients using MRI-based radiomic and clinical features. MRI-based radiomics analysis in combination with clinical variables might appear promising in assisting clinicians in the survival prediction of patients with GBM. Further research is needed to establish the applicability of radiomics in the management of GBM in the clinic.

  • Glioblastoma
  • MRI
  • Machine learning
  • Overall survival
  • Radiomics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms
  • Glioblastoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Prognosis
Citation (ISO format)
HAJIANFAR, Ghasem et al. Time-to-event overall survival prediction in glioblastoma multiforme patients using magnetic resonance imaging radiomics. In: La Radiologia medica, 2023, vol. 128, n° 12, p. 1521–1534. doi: 10.1007/s11547-023-01725-3
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ISSN of the journal0033-8362

Technical informations

Creation09/26/2023 2:10:01 PM
First validation12/22/2023 4:08:53 PM
Update time12/22/2023 4:08:53 PM
Status update12/22/2023 4:08:53 PM
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