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Transmembrane signal transduction in archaeal phototaxis: The sensory rhodopsin II-transducer complex studied by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

Published inEuropean journal of cell biology, vol. 90, no. 9, p. 731-739
Publication date2011-09
Abstract

Archaeal photoreceptors, together with their cognate transducer proteins, mediate phototaxis by regulating cell motility through two-component signal transduction pathways. This sensory pathway is closely related to the bacterial chemotactic system, which has been studied in detail during the past 40 years. Structural and functional studies applying site-directed spin labelling and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy on the sensory rhodopsin II/transducer (NpSRII/NpHtrII) complex of Natronomonas pharaonis have yielded insights into the structure, the mechanisms of signal perception, the signal transduction across the membrane and provided information about the subsequent information transfer within the transducer protein towards the components of the intracellular signalling pathway. Here, we provide an overview about the findings of the last decade, which, combined with the wealth of data from research on the Escherichia coli chemotaxis system, served to understand the basic principles microorganisms use to adapt to their environment. We document the time course of a signal being perceived at the membrane, transferred across the membrane and, for the first time, how this signal modulates the dynamic properties of a HAMP domain, a ubiquitous signal transduction module found in various protein classes.

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Keywords
  • Phototaxis
  • Chemotaxis
  • HAMP domain
  • Transmembrane signalling
  • Signal transduction
  • Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Site-directed spin labelling
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
KLARE, Johann P. et al. Transmembrane signal transduction in archaeal phototaxis: The sensory rhodopsin II-transducer complex studied by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. In: European journal of cell biology, 2011, vol. 90, n° 9, p. 731–739. doi: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2011.04.013
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ISSN of the journal0171-9335
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