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Protracted metallogenic and magmatic evolution of the Kirazlı epithermal Au-Ag and porphyry Cu deposits, Biga Peninsula, NW Turkey: evidence from zircon U-Pb, muscovite 40Ar/39Ar, and molybdenite Re-Os geochronology

Published inMineralium deposita
Publication date2023-12-18
First online date2023-12-18
Abstract

The Kirazlı deposit is located at the center of the Biga Peninsula metallogenic province, in a geological setting characterized by an extensional tectonic environment. A NNW-SSE trending high-sulfidation (HS) orebody with a total reserve of 33.86 Mt @ 0.69 g/t Au and 9.42 g/t Ag lies beneath the Kirazlı Main zone. A porphyry Cu orebody hosted by Eocene intrusive and volcanic rocks has been intersected by drilling within its vicinity. The HS epithermal deposit is hosted by a partly silicified and brecciated Oligocene volcanic and volcaniclastic sequence consisting mainly of basaltic andesite lava flow and lithic/crystal tuff. Lithogeochemistry and zircon U-Pb radiometric ages allow us to distinguish three distinct high-K calc-alkaline magmatic events at ca. 41, 38, and 32 Ma, sourced by metasomatized mantle melts, which have interacted with the crust during their ascent. Porphyry Cu mineralization took place at 36.7 ± 0.4 Ma (muscovite 40 Ar/ 39 Ar age) with subsequent re-opening and base metal deposition. Crosscutting quartz-pyrite-molybdenite veins were emplaced at 33.6 ± 0.2 Ma (molybdenite Re-Os age), and followed by the HS epithermal Au-Ag event at ca. 31 Ma, based on a previous study. Our radiometric data indicate that the Kirazlı deposit has recorded a long-lasting Cenozoic magmatic and metallogenic evolution during about 10 Myr. Our study demonstrates that successive, independent, and overprinting, but genetically unrelated, HS epithermal precious metal, hydrothermal Mo, base metal, and porphyry Cu systems have been active at the same location during protracted extensional tectonics of the Biga Peninsula.

eng
Keywords
  • High-sulfidation epithermal
  • Porphyry Cu
  • U-Pb – 40Ar/39Ar – Re-Os geochronology
  • Kirazlı
  • Biga Peninsula
Citation (ISO format)
ALUC, Ali et al. Protracted metallogenic and magmatic evolution of the Kirazlı epithermal Au-Ag and porphyry Cu deposits, Biga Peninsula, NW Turkey: evidence from zircon U-Pb, muscovite <sup>40</sup>Ar/<sup>39</sup>Ar, and molybdenite Re-Os geochronology. In: Mineralium deposita, 2023. doi: 10.1007/s00126-023-01235-2
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ISSN of the journal0026-4598
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