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Scientific article
Open access
English

Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on adolescents in treatment for obesity

Published inArchives de pédiatrie, vol. 30, no. 7, p. 441-444
Publication date2023-10
First online date2023-08-02
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown on body mass index (BMI) z-score of adolescents treated for obesity, and to assess the correlation between BMI z-score changes and lifestyle variables.

Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 66 participants aged 11-18 years with overweight or obesity who attended our obesity clinics before and after the lockdown. We assessed demographic and anthropometric characteristics as well as lifestyle variables.

Results: The mean BMI z-score of the participants was stable during this period (p = 0.233). Balanced diet, snacking, and sweet beverage consumption improved in about half of the participants. Having at least one parent at home was associated with a significantly more balanced diet (p = 0.008) and an increase in family activities (p = 0.015). Physical activities decreased (51.5%) and screen time increased for most of the adolescents (86.4%). The BMI z-score decreased significantly when three or more lifestyle habits improved (p<0.001).

Conclusions: This study showed that BMI z-scores were stable for a majority of adolescents treated for obesity during the COVID19 lockdown, along with positive and negative changes on weight-related lifestyle habits. This extraordinary period may have created opportunities for lifestyle modification and has emphasized the importance of family support in the management of obesity in adolescents.

eng
Keywords
  • Adolescents
  • BMI z-score
  • COVID-19 lockdown
  • Lifestyle habits
  • Obesity
  • Humans
  • Adolescent
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • COVID-19 / epidemiology
  • COVID-19 / prevention & control
  • Communicable Disease Control
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Body Mass Index
  • Life Style
  • Pediatric Obesity / epidemiology
  • Pediatric Obesity / therapy
Citation (ISO format)
CHAMAY-WEBER, Catherine et al. Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on adolescents in treatment for obesity. In: Archives de pédiatrie, 2023, vol. 30, n° 7, p. 441–444. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2023.03.014
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0929-693X
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Technical informations

Creation10/03/2023 10:05:40 AM
First validation12/18/2023 2:12:33 PM
Update time12/18/2023 2:12:33 PM
Status update12/18/2023 2:12:33 PM
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