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Scientific article
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English

Mapping Local Climate Zones in Lausanne (Switzerland) with Sentinel-2 and PRISMA imagery: comparison of classification performance using different band combinations and building height data

Published inInternational journal of digital earth, vol. 16, no. 2, p. 4790-4810
Publication date2023-11-15
First online date2023-11-15
Abstract

The Local Climate Zone (LCZ) concept has emerged as a valuable classification system for climate-related studies. The World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT) protocol provides a framework for generating a LCZ segmentation which relies on the supervised classification of multispectral imagery. However, since LCZ is based on the physical and thermal properties of the urban surfaces, more insightful information on the surface reflectivity characteristics – which is provided by hyperspectral sensors – may be beneficial for improving the LCZ classification. This assumption is investigated in this study by comparing the classification performance of a supervised algorithm applied to multispectral (Sentinel-2) and hyperspectral (PRISMA) satellite imagery. The study area is the city of Lausanne (Switzerland). Experiments are performed considering these sensors and different band combinations, including the building height layer as an additional band. Preliminary outcomes show that PRISMA imagery yields satisfying results in terms of classification accuracy while not outperforming Sentinel-2. An improvement is achieved by leveraging the first 10 PRISMA Principal Components which allows to retain the uncorrelated information out of the original bands. These first results will be validated in future investigations by improving image pre-processing and exploiting a larger number of seasonal PRISMA acquisitions.

eng
Keywords
  • Local Climate Zones
  • Sentinel-2
  • PRISMA
  • Supervised classification
  • Building height
Citation (ISO format)
VAVASSORI, Alberto, GIULIANI, Gregory, BROVELLI, Maria Antonia. Mapping Local Climate Zones in Lausanne (Switzerland) with Sentinel-2 and PRISMA imagery: comparison of classification performance using different band combinations and building height data. In: International journal of digital earth, 2023, vol. 16, n° 2, p. 4790–4810. doi: 10.1080/17538947.2023.2283485
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ISSN of the journal1753-8947
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