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Scientific article
Open access
English

Does menopause transition influence viral suppression and adherence in women living with HIV?

Published inJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes, vol. 92, no. 5, p. 399-404
Publication date2023-04-15
First online date2023-01-16
Abstract

Background: Increasing numbers of women living with HIV transition through menopause. It is unclear if this transition has an impact on treatment adherence, viral suppression, psychiatric comorbidities or drug use. We aimed at examining adherence and viral suppression during the perimenopausal period and explored the influence of psychiatric comorbidities and active injection drug use (IDU).

Setting: Retrospective Swiss HIV Cohort Study analysis from January 2010 to December 2018.

Methods: We explored peri- and postmenopausal trends of viral blips, low-level viremia, viral failure, adherence, psychiatric comorbidities and IDU using interrupted time series (ITS) models.

Results: Rates of depression and psychiatric care increased during perimenopause before decreasing afterwards. Negative treatment outcomes such as viral blips, low-level viremia, viral failure and low adherence steadily declined while transitioning through menopause - this was also true for subgroups of women with depression, psychiatric treatment and active IDU.

Conclusions: Increased rates of depression and psychiatric care while transitioning through menopause do not result in lower rates of adherence or viral suppression in women living with HIV in Switzerland.

eng
Keywords
  • Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / complications
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections / psychology
  • Humans
  • Menopause
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Viral Load
  • Viremia / drug therapy
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
HACHFELD, A et al. Does menopause transition influence viral suppression and adherence in women living with HIV? In: Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes, 2023, vol. 92, n° 5, p. 399–404. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000003158
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1525-4135
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