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Scientific article
English

Are hyperhydric shoots of Prunus avium L. energy deficient?

Published inPlant science, vol. 160, no. 6, p. 1145-1151
Publication date2001-05
Abstract

The content of oxidized and reduced pyridine nucleotides and some enzymatic activities of the oxidative pentose phosphate and glycolytic pathways were compared in normal (NS, growing on agar) and hyperhydric (HS, growing on gelrite) shoots of Prunus avium L. after 4 weeks of in vitro culture. The chlorophyll fluorescence from leaves and the redox capacity of the plasma membrane (reduction of exogenously added ferricyanide) of both types of shoots were recorded. The pool of oxidized and reduced pyridine nucleotides was lower in HS than in NS. These results suggested a reduced metabolism of HS in comparison to normal ones. This hypothesis was also supported by other observations. First, chlorophyll fluorescence measurements showed a lower chlorophyll content and a slight reduction of the photosynthetic capacity in HS. Second, the low activity of some enzymes of oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (OPP) and glycolysis indicated a decline of these biochemical pathways in HS with the consequence of a reduced production of chemical energy in the form of NAD(P)H and ATP. Finally, the lower reduction of ferricyanide by HS suggested a lower rate of redox reactions at the level of the plasma membrane of these shoots in comparison to NS.

eng
Keywords
  • Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Glycolysis
  • Oxidative pentose phosphate pathway
  • Hyperhydricity
  • NAD(P)H and NADH
  • Prunus avium L
Citation (ISO format)
FRANCK, Thierry et al. Are hyperhydric shoots of <i>Prunus avium</i> L. energy deficient? In: Plant science, 2001, vol. 160, n° 6, p. 1145–1151. doi: 10.1016/S0168-9452(01)00362-4
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ISSN of the journal0168-9452
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