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Scientific article
English

NopL, an Effector Protein of Rhizobium sp. NGR234, Thwarts Activation of Plant Defense Reactions

Published inPlant physiology, vol. 134, no. 2, p. 871-879
Publication date2004-02-01
First online date2004-02-13
Abstract

Bacterial effector proteins delivered into eukaryotic cells via bacterial type III secretion systems are important virulence factors in plant-pathogen interactions. Type III secretion systems have been found in Rhizobium species that form symbiotic, nitrogen-fixing associations with legumes. One such bacterium, Rhizobium sp. NGR234, secretes a number of type III effectors, including nodulation outer protein L (NopL, formerly y4xL). Here, we show that expression of nopL in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) prevents full induction of pathogenesis-related (PR) defense proteins. Transgenic tobacco plants that express nopL and were infected with potato virus Y (necrotic strain 605) exhibited only very low levels of chitinase (class I) and β-1,3-glucanase (classes I and III) proteins. Northern-blot analysis indicated that expression of nopL in plant cells suppresses transcription of PR genes. Treatment with ethylene counteracted the effect of NopL on chitinase (class I). Transgenic Lotus japonicus plants that expressed nopL exhibited delayed development and low chitinase levels. In vitro experiments showed that NopL is a substrate for plant protein kinases. Together, these data suggest that NopL, when delivered into the plant cell, modulates the activity of signal transduction pathways that culminate in activation of PR proteins.

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Citation (ISO format)
BARTSEV, Alexander V. et al. NopL, an Effector Protein of <i>Rhizobium</i> sp. NGR234, Thwarts Activation of Plant Defense Reactions. In: Plant physiology, 2004, vol. 134, n° 2, p. 871–879. doi: 10.1104/pp.103.031740
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