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Endotaxial Si nanolines in Si(001):H

Authors
Bowler, D.
Published in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 2011, vol. 84, no. 3
Abstract We present a detailed study of the structural and electronic properties of a self-assembled silicon nanoline embedded in the H-terminated silicon (001) surface, known as the Haiku stripe. The nanoline is a perfectly straight and defect-free endotaxial structure of huge aspect ratio; it can grow micrometer long at a constant width of exactly four Si dimers (1.54 nm). Another remarkable property is its capacity to be exposed to air without suffering any degradation. The nanoline grows independently of any step edges at tunable densities from isolated nanolines to a dense array of nanolines. In addition to these unique structural characteristics, scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory reveal a one-dimensional state confined along the Haiku core. This nanoline is a promising candidate for the long-sought-after electronic solid-state one-dimensional model system to explore the fascinating quantum properties emerging in such reduced dimensionality.
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BIANCO, François et al. Endotaxial Si nanolines in Si(001):H. In: Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter, 2011, vol. 84, n° 3. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:17263

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Deposited on : 2011-10-31

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