Scientific article
Open access

Direct luminous efficacy and atmospheric turbidity—Improving model performance

Published inSolar energy, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 125-137
Publication date1995

Of all the atmospheric constituents, aerosol content is shown to be responsible for the greatest variations in direct luminous efficacy. Some clarity is brought to the comparison between Linke's and Ångström's turbidity coefficients, respectively TL and β. Grenier's recent formulation of the optical thickness of a water and aerosol free atmosphere is presented here in a simplified expression. Based on these results and Dogniaux's illuminance turbidity factor, Til, two direct luminous efficacy models are derived, one of which is tuned to our experimental data. The input parameters are optical air mass, β, and water vapour content in the tuned version. These models perform significantly better than any of twelve other models found in the literature when compared to 1 yr's measurements from each of two sites in the U.S. and Switzerland. In both sites, β was derived from horizontal visibility estimated in a nearby airport.

  • Illuminance
  • Luminous efficacy
  • Model
Citation (ISO format)
MOLINEAUX, Benoît, INEICHEN, Pierre, DELAUNAY, J.J. Direct luminous efficacy and atmospheric turbidity—Improving model performance. In: Solar energy, 1995, vol. 55, n° 2, p. 125–137. doi: 10.1016/0038-092X(95)00035-P
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0038-092X

Technical informations

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