Scientific article

In vivo evaluation of an indomethacin monolithic, extended zero-order release hard-gelatin capsule formulation based on saturated polyglycolysed glycerides

Published inPharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae, vol. 70, no. 4, p. 307-313
Publication date1995-12

The sustained release properties of an indomethacin hard-gelatin capsule formulated with saturated polyglycolysed glycerides (Gelucire®) were demonstrated in vivo. Indomethacin was selected as a model drug with very poor solubility in water and acidic media. It is known to exhibit high intersubject variability because of enterohepatic circulation. The formulation, which in vitro showed an erosion-controlled release, was compared in six human volunteers in the fed state by using a randomized cross-over design, to a standard multiple-unit diffusion-controlled pellet capsule. Close action period values (time duration with plasma levels higher than 0.5 μg/ml) were found for the test and the reference formulation (5.2 and 5.7 h). The time to reach peak tmax appeared slightly shorter for the test preparation (1.75 h) than for the reference formulation (2.67 h), but the difference was not statistically significant because of the high intersubject variability (non-parametric Wilcoxon matched pair test). Again, due to the small number of subjects entered in the study (insufficient for a real bioequivalence study) equivalence could not be accepted in terms of extent and rate of absorption based on the decision procedures involving the 90% confidence interval and the two one-sided t-tests. The mean maximum plasma concentrations Cmax were 3.35 and 2.82 μg/ml for the test and the reference formulation respectively, with the corresponding values of the area under the plasma concentration-time curve AUC amounting to 10.14 and 11.38 μg h/ml. However, a simulation on 24 subjects (3 repetitions of the same data) would lead to bioequivalence of the two preparations. As for other corrosion-controlled forms, drug release from the proposed Gelucire® formulation was very sensitive to hydrodynamic conditions, leading to poor in vitro-in vivo correlation, when comparison is made with a reference formulation characterized by a diffusion-controlled release. Finally, it was concluded that erosion-controlled release formulations are especially suitable for drugs, such as indomethacin, that have low solubility in water or acidic media. More generally, sustained release hard gelatin capsules with thermosetting excipients is very versatile and their preparation is very straightforward.

  • Indomethacin
  • Pharmacokinetics, zero-order
  • Bioavailability
  • Hard-gelatin capsule
  • Erosion-controlled release
  • Saturated polyglycolysed glycerides
Citation (ISO format)
VIAL-BERNASCONI, Anne-Claire Thérèse et al. In vivo evaluation of an indomethacin monolithic, extended zero-order release hard-gelatin capsule formulation based on saturated polyglycolysed glycerides. In: Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae, 1995, vol. 70, n° 4, p. 307–313. doi: 10.1016/0031-6865(95)00036-4
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0031-6865

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