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Scientific article
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English

Does the type of craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) differ between patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and those with blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI)? A retrospective study

First online date2023-08-16
Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate and compare craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) type in patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) versus blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI). A retrospective cohort study was performed. The predictor variables were the types of CMF. The primary outcomes variables were ICH and BCVI. Secondary outcomes were death and survival with or without neurological sequelae. Descriptive, bivariate, and multiple logistic regression statistics were computed, and the significance level was set at P ≤ 0.05. The sample was composed of 1440 patients with a mean age of 46.6 years ±24 years, and 71% were men. Pure orbital wall (odds ratio [OR]), 3.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-12.69; P < 0.022), Le Fort III (OR, 16.08; 95% CI, 5.89-43.50; P < 0.001), cranial vault (OR, 9.74; 95% CI, 3.83.24.32; P < 0.001), skull base (OR, 9.42; 95% CI, 3.86-24.02; P < 0.001) and cervical fractures (OR, 5.50; 95% CI, 1.65-15.97; P = 0.003) were significantly associated with BCVI. All of the CMFs (P < 0.001), except for Le Fort I (OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.18-2.63; P = 0.731), nasal (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.77-1.42; P = 0.758), and mandibular (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.45-1.01; P = 0.066) fractures, were significantly associated with ICH. Secondary outcomes were negatively influenced by ICH and BCVI (P < 0.001). Within the limitations of the study it seems that Le Fort I and nasal fractures could be protective of cerebrovascular injuries, by cushioning impact forces. On the other hand it seems that patients with pure orbital wall, Le Fort III and cranio-cervical fractures are more prone to having concomitant life-threatening cerebrovascular injuries. This category of patients should have an immediate and comprehensive neurological assessment and CT angiography to rule out BCVI and to determine its severity.

eng
Keywords
  • Blunt cerebrovascular injury
  • Craniomaxillofacial fractures
  • Intracranial hemorrhage
Citation (ISO format)
BUCHHOLZER, Samanta et al. Does the type of craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) differ between patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and those with blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI)? A retrospective study. In: Journal of cranio-maxillofacial surgery, 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2023.08.015
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Article (Published version) - in press
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1010-5182
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Creation08/31/2023 2:07:51 PM
First validation09/13/2023 1:41:08 PM
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