en
Scientific article
English

Coagulation of colloidal material in surface waters: the role of natural organic matter

Published inJournal of contaminant hydrology, vol. 26, no. 1, p. 229-243
Publication date1997
Abstract

Organic matter has a great influence over the fate of inorganic colloids in surface waters. The chemical nature and structure of natural organic matter (NOM) will be an important factor in determining whether colloids will be stabilised or destabilised by NOM. Under environmentally relevant conditions, the ubiquitous fulvic acids are likely to be responsible for coating and imparting a negative charge to colloids. If the absorbed polyelectrolyte coating produces an increase in absolute surface potential, it will act to stabilise colloids in the water column. On the other hand, colloidal organic carbon, especially chain-like structures, has been shown to be involved in the aggregation of inorganic colloids through the formation of bridges. It is highly probable that both absorption and bridging flocculation are occurring simultaneously in the natural aquatic environment. The importance of each process depends directly on the nature and concentration of organic matter in the system and indirectly on the productivity of the lake, its hydrological pathways, temporal variations, temperature, etc. The present paper reports such results and emphasises the need to discriminate the different kinds of NOM.

eng
Keywords
  • Colloid
  • Coagulation
  • Natural organic matter (NOM)
  • Fulvic
  • Polysaccharide
  • Lake
  • Freshwater
Citation (ISO format)
WILKINSON, Kevin, NEGRE, Jean-Claude André Francis, BUFFLE, Jacques. Coagulation of colloidal material in surface waters: the role of natural organic matter. In: Journal of contaminant hydrology, 1997, vol. 26, n° 1, p. 229–243. doi: 10.1016/S0169-7722(96)00071-X
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ISSN of the journal0169-7722
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