Scientific article
Open access

Anonymity in kidney paired donation: a systematic review of reasons

Publication date2023
First online date2023-02-02

The objective of this study was to investigate reasons for or against anonymity that are pertinent to kidney paired donations (KPD). We conducted a systematic review of reasons using PubMed and Google Scholar until May 2022 and through snowballing. Inclusion criteria were publications that: 1) discussed organ donation anonymity; 2) was peer-reviewed; 3) presented at least one reason on anonymity. Exclusion criteria: 1) not published in a scientific journal; 2) grey literature and dissertations. Four researchers independently reviewed and selected papers based on the criteria, extracted text passages and coded them into narrow and broad reason types, selected reasons that were valid for kidney paired donations. 50 articles were included, 62 narrow reasons (n= 24 for;n= 38 against) and 13 broad reasons were coded. Broad reasons were: protection against harm, general benefits, gratitude, curiosity, unrealistic to implement, fundamental rights, respect people's wishes, professional neutrality, timing is important, information disclosure, altruism, reciprocity and donation pool. We did not find reasons that justify legal prohibition of donor-recipient interactions for KPD, if they consented to meet. Professional counselling, follow-up and careful evaluations to prevent potential harm.

  • Anonymity
  • Ethics
  • Kidney paired donation
  • Organ transplantation
  • Systematic review
  • Humans
  • Living Donors
  • Kidney Transplantation / methods
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting
  • Kidney
Citation (ISO format)
MARCUS, Kailing et al. Anonymity in kidney paired donation: a systematic review of reasons. In: Transplant international : official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation, 2023, vol. 36, p. 10913. doi: 10.3389/ti.2023.10913
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0934-0874

Technical informations

Creation08/25/2023 9:33:16 AM
First validation08/28/2023 7:35:47 AM
Update time08/28/2023 7:52:00 AM
Status update08/28/2023 7:52:00 AM
Last indexation08/31/2023 12:15:15 PM
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