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Scientific article
English

General Metadynamics Protocol To Simulate Activation/Deactivation of Class A GPCRs: Proof of Principle for the Serotonin Receptor

Published inJournal of chemical information and modeling, vol. 63, no. 10, p. 3105-3117
Publication date2023-05-10
First online date2023-05-10
Abstract

We present a generally applicable metadynamics protocol for characterizing the activation free-energy profiles of class A G-protein coupled receptors and a proof-of-principle study for the 5HT1A-receptor. The almost universal A100 activation index, which depends on five inter-helix distances, is used as the single collective variable in well-tempered multiple-walker metadynamics simulations. Here, we show free-energy profiles for the serotonin receptor as binary (apo-receptor + G-protein-α-subunit and receptor + ligand) and ternary complexes with two prototypical orthosteric ligands: the full agonist serotonin and the partial agonist aripiprazole. Our results are not only compatible with previously reported experimental and computational data, but they also allow differences between active and inactive conformations to be determined in unprecedented atomic detail, and with respect to the so-called microswitches that have been suggested as determinants of activation, giving insight into their role in the activation mechanism.

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Keywords
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation
Citation (ISO format)
CALDERÓN, Jacqueline C. et al. General Metadynamics Protocol To Simulate Activation/Deactivation of Class A GPCRs: Proof of Principle for the Serotonin Receptor. In: Journal of chemical information and modeling, 2023, vol. 63, n° 10, p. 3105–3117. doi: 10.1021/acs.jcim.3c00208
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ISSN of the journal1549-9596
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