Scientific article

3-O sulfation of syndecan-1 mediated by the sulfotransferase HS3ST3a1 enhances myeloma aggressiveness

Published inMatrix biology, vol. 120, p. 60-75
Publication date2023-06
First online date2023-05-16

Multiple myeloma is a hematological neoplasm derived from plasma cells invariably developing in the bone marrow (BM). The persisting clinical challenge in MM resides in its high ability to resist drugs as shown by the frequent relapses observed in patients regardless of the treatment applied. In a mouse model of MM, we identified a subpopulation of cells harboring increased resistance to current MM drugs. These cells bound a proliferation inducing ligand (APRIL), a key MM promoting/survival factor. APRIL binding involved the heparan sulfate (HS) chain present on syndecan-1 (SDC-1), and correlated with reactivity to the anti-HS antibody 10e4. 10e4+cells had a high proliferation activity, and were able to form colonies in 3-D cultures. 10e4+cells were the only cells able to develop in BM after intravenous injection. They also resisted drugs in vivo, since their number increased after treatment in BM. Notably, 10e4+cells differentiated into 10e4-cells upon in vitro and in vivo expansion. Expression of one sulfotransferase, HS3ST3a1, allowed modification of syndecan-1 to confer reactivity to 10e4 and binding to APRIL. HS3ST3a1 deletion inhibited tumorigenesis in BM. Notably, the two populations coexisted at a variable frequency in the BM of MM patients at diagnosis. In total, our results indicate that 3-O-sulfation on SDC-1 carried out by HS3ST3a1 defines aggressive MM cells, and that targeting of this enzyme could possibly be used to better control drug resistance.

  • Drug resistance
  • Heparan sulfate proteoglycan: APRIL
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Syndecan-1
  • Animals
  • Mice
  • Bone Marrow / metabolism
  • Heparitin Sulfate / metabolism
  • Multiple Myeloma / genetics
  • Multiple Myeloma / metabolism
  • Sulfotransferases / genetics
  • Syndecan-1 / genetics
  • Syndecan-1 / metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
BAERT, L et al. 3-O sulfation of syndecan-1 mediated by the sulfotransferase HS3ST3a1 enhances myeloma aggressiveness. In: Matrix biology, 2023, vol. 120, p. 60–75. doi: 10.1016/j.matbio.2023.05.005
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0945-053X

Technical informations

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