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HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention in Switzerland

Published inEncyclopedia, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 512-519
Publication date2023-04-19
First online date2023-04-19
Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for almost all cases of cervical cancer worldwide. It is also responsible for a variety of other cancers including penile; vaginal; vulvar; anal; and oropharyngeal cancers at the base of the tongue and tonsils. There are a very large number of these HPVs, which are classified into groups from high to low risk based on their oncogenic potential. Every year in Switzerland, over 260 women develop cervical cancer, and nearly 90 of them will die from the disease. Cervical cancer affects young women and is the fourth most common cancer in women between the ages of 20 and 49 years. Among the high-risk HPV types, HPV-16 and -18 are the most common and most carcinogenic ones. Together, these two HPV types are responsible for approximately 70% of cervical cancer cases in developed countries. HPV-6 and -11 are directly responsible for 90% of genital warts. There are two effective public health interventions to prevent this cancer: screening and vaccination. The present entry provides an overview of current literature in order to present these preventative approaches and consider their use within a Swiss context. It is hoped that, going forward, this will encourage the implementation and uptake of such interventions.

eng
Keywords
  • HPV
  • Cervical cancer
  • Vaccination
  • Prevention
Citation (ISO format)
JEANNOT, Emilien, BEN ABDELJELIL, Hassen, VIVIANO, Manuela. HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention in Switzerland. In: Encyclopedia, 2023, vol. 3, n° 2, p. 512–519. doi: 10.3390/encyclopedia3020036
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ISSN of the journal2673-8392
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Creation04/20/2023 2:02:23 PM
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