Scientific article

Base-Catalyzed Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange in Sulfonium Cations

Published inHelvetica chimica acta, vol. 54, no. 7, p. 2297-2307
Publication date1971-11-01

The effects of various structural changes on the kinetic acidity of protons alpha to a sulfonium function are reported. These effects are consistent with a transition state closely resembling a carbanion. Strong rate enhancements are observed for the 4-membered cyclic sulfonium cation but not for the other ring systems.

In 5-membered cyclic sulfonium cations the diastereotopic ring protons show high stereoselectivity towards abstraction by a base. Such stereoselectivity is diminished in going from D2O to dimethyl sulfoxide-d6-D2O mixtures. By contrast no stereoselectivity is exhibited by the ring protons of the 6- and 7-membered cyclic sulfonium cations.

Although the rates for acyclic and cyclic sulfonium cations are closely similar, the activation parameters are characteristically different. It is suggested that solvation phenomena may be responsible for this behaviour.

Citation (ISO format)
BARBARELLA, G., GARBESI, Anna, FAVA, Alessandro. Base-Catalyzed Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange in Sulfonium Cations. In: Helvetica chimica acta, 1971, vol. 54, n° 7, p. 2297–2307. doi: 10.1002/hlca.19710540769
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0018-019X

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