Scientific article

Biochemical Markers of Bone Fragility in Patients With Diabetes

First online date2023-05-08

Context: The risk of fragility fractures is increased in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Numerous biochemical markers reflecting bone and/or glucose metabolism have been evaluated in this context.

Objective: This review summarizes current data on biochemical markers in relation to bone fragility and fracture risk in diabetes.

Methods: A group of experts from the International Osteoporosis Foundation and European Calcified Tissue Society reviewed the literature focusing on biochemical markers, diabetes, diabetes treatments, and bone in adults.

Results: Although bone resorption and bone formation markers are low and poorly predictive of fracture risk in diabetes, osteoporosis drugs seem to change bone turnover markers (BTMs) in diabetics similarly to nondiabetics, with similar reductions in fracture risk. Several other biochemical markers related to bone and glucose metabolism have been correlated with bone mineral density and/or fracture risk in diabetes, including osteocyte-related markers such as sclerostin, glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and advanced glycation end products, inflammatory markers, and adipokines, as well as insulin-like growth factor-1 and calciotropic hormones.

Conclusion: Several biochemical markers and hormonal levels related to bone and/or glucose metabolism have been associated with skeletal parameters in diabetes. Currently, only HbA1c levels seem to provide a reliable estimate of fracture risk, while BTMs could be used to monitor the effects of antiosteoporosis therapy.

  • Adipokine
  • Advanced glycation end product
  • Bone turnover marker
  • Diabetes
  • Sclerostin
Citation (ISO format)
MEIER, Christian et al. Biochemical Markers of Bone Fragility in Patients With Diabetes. In: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 2023, p. dgad255. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgad255
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0021-972X

Technical informations

Creation05/25/2023 12:18:28 PM
First validation06/05/2023 2:30:05 PM
Update time06/05/2023 2:30:05 PM
Status update06/05/2023 2:30:05 PM
Last indexation08/31/2023 11:42:45 AM
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