Scientific article

Loss of a pyridoxal-phosphate phosphatase rescues Arabidopsis lacking an endoplasmic reticulum ATP carrier

Published inPlant physiology, vol. 189, no. 1, p. 49-65
Publication date2022-05-03

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-located ATP/ADP-antiporter (ER-ANT1) occurs specifically in vascular plants. Structurally different transporters mediate energy provision to the ER, but the cellular function of ER-ANT1 is still unknown. Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mutants lacking ER-ANT1 (er-ant1 plants) exhibit a photorespiratory phenotype accompanied by high glycine levels and stunted growth, pointing to an inhibition of glycine decarboxylase (GDC). To reveal whether it is possible to suppress this marked phenotype, we exploited the power of a forward genetic screen. Absence of a so far uncharacterized member of the HaloAcid Dehalogenase (HAD)-like hydrolase family strongly suppressed the dwarf phenotype of er-ant1 plants. Localization studies suggested that the corresponding protein locates to chloroplasts, and activity assays showed that the enzyme dephosphorylates, with high substrate affinity, the B6 vitamer pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). Additional physiological experiments identified imbalances in vitamin B6 homeostasis in er-ant1 mutants. Our data suggest that impaired chloroplast metabolism, but not decreased GDC activity, causes the er-ant1 mutant dwarf phenotype. We present a hypothesis, setting transport of PLP by ER-ANT1 and chloroplastic PLP dephosphorylation in the cellular context. With the identification of this HAD-type PLP phosphatase, we also provide insight into B6 vitamer homeostasis.

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Phosphates / metabolism
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Pyridoxal Phosphate / metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
ALTENSELL, Jacqueline et al. Loss of a pyridoxal-phosphate phosphatase rescues Arabidopsis lacking an endoplasmic reticulum ATP carrier. In: Plant physiology, 2022, vol. 189, n° 1, p. 49–65. doi: 10.1093/plphys/kiac048
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0032-0889

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