Scientific article

Invasive and non‐invasive assessment of macro‐ and micro‐circulatory effects of vasopressors during sevoflurane anesthesia in a pediatric experimental model: A randomized trial

Published inPaediatric anaesthesia, vol. 32, no. 10, p. 1129-1137
Publication date2022-10
First online date2022-06-04

Background: While non-invasive assessment of macro- and micro-circulation has the promise to optimize anesthesia management, evidence is lacking for the relationship between invasive and non-invasive measurements of cardiac output and microcirculatory indices.

Aims: We aimed to compare the abilities of non-invasive techniques to detect changes in macro- and micro-circulation following deep anesthesia and subsequent restoration of the compromised hemodynamic by routinely used vasopressors in a randomized experimental study.

Methods: A 20%-25% drop in mean arterial pressure was induced by sevoflurane in anesthetized mechanically ventilated just-weaned piglets (n = 12) prior to the administration of vasopressors in random order (dopamine, ephedrine, noradrenaline, and phenylephrine). Simultaneous transpulmonary thermodilution cardiac output assessment with the invasive pulse index continuous contour (PiCCO) method was compared with non-invasive estimates obtained with electrical conductivity (ICON) and echo Doppler (Cardio Q). Changes in microcirculation were characterized by sublingual red blood cell velocity, jugular cerebral venous oxygen saturation, and arterial lactate.

Main outcome measures: Cardiac output indices obtained by invasive and non-invasive methods.

Results: Changes in cardiac output measured invasively and non-invasively correlated significantly after sevoflurane (r = .78, p = .003 and r = .76, p = .006 between PiCCO and ICON or Cardio Q, respectively). Following the administration of vasopressors, invasive and non-invasive cardiac output assessments were unrelated with significant correlations observed only between PiCCO and ICON after dopamine and ephedrine. Sevoflurane-induced hypotension decreased jugular cerebral venous oxygen saturation significantly and was recovered by all vasopressors. Sevoflurane and vasopressors had no effect on red blood cell velocity, which increased only after dopamine. No consistent changes in lactate were observed during the study period.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that non-invasive cardiac output measurements may not accurately reflect changes in macrocirculation after hemodynamic optimization by vasopressors. Due to the incoherence between macro- and micro-circulation, monitoring microcirculation is essential to guide patient management.

  • Cardiac output
  • Lactate
  • Oxygen saturation
  • Pediatrics
  • Red blood cell velocity
  • Anesthesia
  • Animals
  • Cardiac Output
  • Dopamine
  • Ephedrine / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Lactates
  • Microcirculation
  • Sevoflurane / pharmacology
  • Swine
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents / pharmacology
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents / therapeutic use
Citation (ISO format)
CHUCRI, Rita et al. Invasive and non‐invasive assessment of macro‐ and micro‐circulatory effects of vasopressors during sevoflurane anesthesia in a pediatric experimental model: A randomized trial. In: Paediatric anaesthesia, 2022, vol. 32, n° 10, p. 1129–1137. doi: 10.1111/pan.14506
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1155-5645

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