Scientific article
Open access

Implementation of the infection prevention and control core components at the national level: a global situational analysis

Published inJournal of hospital infection, vol. 108, p. 94-103
Publication date2021-02
First online date2020-11-30

Background: Strengthening infection prevention and control (IPC) is essential to combat healthcare-associated infections, antimicrobial resistance, and to prevent and respond to outbreaks.

Aim: To assess national IPC programmes worldwide according to the World Health Organization (WHO) IPC core components.

Methods: Between June 1st, 2017 and November 30th, 2018, a multi-country, cross-sectional study was conducted, based on semi-structured interviews with national IPC focal points of countries that pledged to the WHO 'Clean Care is Safer Care' challenge. Results and differences between regions and national income levels were summarized using descriptive statistics.

Findings: Eighty-eight of 103 (85.4%) eligible countries participated; 22.7% were low-income, 19.3% lower-middle-income, 23.9% upper-middle-income, and 34.1% high-income economies. A national IPC programme existed in 62.5%, but only 26.1% had a dedicated budget. National guidelines were available in 67.0%, but only 36.4% and 21.6% of countries had an implementation strategy and evaluated compliance with guidelines, respectively. Undergraduate IPC curriculum and in-service and postgraduate IPC training were reported by 35.2%, 54.5%, and 42% of countries, respectively. Healthcare-associated infection surveillance was reported by 46.6% of countries, with significant differences ranging from 83.3% (high-income) to zero (low-income) (P < 0.001); monitoring and feedback of IPC indicators was reported by 65.9%. Only 12.5% of countries had all core components in place.

Conclusion: Most countries have IPC programme and guidelines, but many less have invested adequate resources and translated them in implementation and monitoring, particularly in low-income countries. Leadership support at the national and global level is needed to achieve implementation of the core components in all countries.

  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Core components
  • Healthcare-associated infection
  • Implementation
  • Infection prevention and control
  • World Health Organization
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Infection Control
  • Internationality
  • World Health Organization
  • World Health Organization - [001]
  • Government of Canada -
Citation (ISO format)
TARTARI, Ermira et al. Implementation of the infection prevention and control core components at the national level: a global situational analysis. In: Journal of hospital infection, 2021, vol. 108, p. 94–103. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2020.11.025
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ISSN of the journal0195-6701

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