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Title

Prevalence of burnout among Swiss cancer clinicians, paediatricians and general practitioners: who are most at risk?

Authors
Arigoni, Flavia
Waltz, Patricia
Published in Supportive Care in Cancer. 2009, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 75-81
Abstract GOALS OF WORK: Increasing economical and administrative constraints and changes in health-care systems constitute a risk for burnout, especially for cancer physicians. However, little is known about differences across medical specialties and the importance of work characteristics. METHODS: A postal questionnaire addressing burnout, psychiatric morbidity, sociodemographics and work characteristics was administered to 180 cancer physicians, 184 paediatricians and 197 general practitioners in Switzerland. RESULTS: A total of 371 (66%) physicians participated in the survey. Overall, one third of the respondents expressed signs indicative of psychiatric morbidity and of burnout, including high levels of emotional exhaustion (33%) and depersonalisation/cynicism (28%) and a reduced feeling of personal accomplishment (20%). Workload (>50 h/week), lack of continuing education (<6 h/month) and working in a public institution were significantly associated with an increased risk of burnout. After adjustment for these characteristics, general practitioners had a higher risk for emotional exhaustion (OR: 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1 to 3.6) and depersonalisation (OR: 2.7, 95% CI: 1.4 to 5.3). CONCLUSION: In this Swiss sample, cancer clinicians had a significant lower risk of burnout, despite a more important workload. Among possible explanations, involvement in research and teaching activities and access to continuing education may have protected them.
Keywords Burnout, Professional/epidemiology/psychologyDepersonalization/psychologyEducation, Medical, ContinuingFemaleHumansMalePhysicians/psychologyQuestionnairesRisk FactorsSwitzerland/epidemiologyWorkload/psychology
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PMID: 18528715
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ARIGONI, Flavia et al. Prevalence of burnout among Swiss cancer clinicians, paediatricians and general practitioners: who are most at risk?. In: Supportive Care in Cancer, 2009, vol. 17, n° 1, p. 75-81. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:1679

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Deposited on : 2009-05-20

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