Scientific article

Surface roughness and stainability of CAD-CAM denture base materials after simulated brushing and coffee thermocycling

Publication date2022-08-19
First online date2022-08-19

Statement of problem: Denture bases machined from prepolymerized materials have become popular. However, information on the effect of simulated brushing and coffee thermocycling (CTC) on their surface roughness and stainability is lacking.

Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of simulated brushing and CTC on the surface roughness (Ra) and stainability of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) denture base materials and a heat-polymerized denture base material.

Material and methods: Forty disk-shaped specimens were prepared from 3 CAD-CAM denture base resins (AvaDent, AV; Merz M-PM, M-PM; and Polident d.o.o, Poli) and a heat-polymerized polymethylmethacrylate resin (Promolux, CV) (n=10). Ravalues of the specimens were measured by using a noncontact profilometer after conventional polishing. The color coordinates were also measured over a gray background with a spectrophotometer. Specimens were then consecutively subjected to simulated brushing for 20 000 cycles, CTC for 5000 cycles, and another 10 000 brushing cycles. Raand color coordinates were measured after each interval. Color differences (ΔE00) were calculated by using the CIEDE2000 formula, and the data were analyzed by using 2-way analysis of variance and Tukey honestly significant difference tests (α=0.05).

Results: The time interval had a significant effect on Ra(P<.001) as brushing cycles resulted in higher values than those at baseline and after CTC (P<.001). However, the differences between brushing cycles (P=.143) and between the baseline and after CTC (P=.994) were not significant. The interaction between the material type and time interval was significant for ΔE00(P=.016). The only significant difference in ΔE00values was observed between M-PM and CV after all treatments were completed (P=.029).

Conclusions: Brushing increased the Raof all materials when compared with the baseline. All materials showed similar stainability throughout the brushing and CTC processes. However, M-PM CAD-CAM denture base resin underwent a greater color change after all treatments were completed than conventional denture base resin. All color changes can be considered clinically small, considering reported perceptibility and acceptability thresholds.

Citation (ISO format)
ÇAKMAK, Gülce et al. Surface roughness and stainability of CAD-CAM denture base materials after simulated brushing and coffee thermocycling. In: The journal of prosthetic dentistry, 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2022.06.006
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0022-3913

Technical informations

Creation02/14/2023 10:02:00 AM
First validation02/14/2023 10:02:00 AM
Update time03/16/2023 10:38:28 AM
Status update03/16/2023 10:38:28 AM
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