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Polarized branched Actin modulates cortical mechanics to produce unequal-size daughters during asymmetric division

Published inNature Cell Biology
Publication date2023-02-06
First online date2023-02-06
Abstract

The control of cell shape during cytokinesis requires a precise regulation of mechanical properties of the cell cortex. Only few studies have addressed the mechanisms underlying the robust production of unequal-sized daughters during asymmetric cell division. Here we report that unequal daughter-cell sizes resulting from asymmetric sensory organ precursor divisions in Drosophila are controlled by the relative amount of cortical branched Actin between the two cell poles. We demonstrate this by mistargeting the machinery for branched Actin dynamics using nanobodies and optogenetics. We can thereby engineer the cell shape with temporal precision and thus the daughter-cell size at different stages of cytokinesis. Most strikingly, inverting cortical Actin asymmetry causes an inversion of daughter-cell sizes. Our findings uncover the physical mechanism by which the sensory organ precursor mother cell controls relative daughter-cell size: polarized cortical Actin modulates the cortical bending rigidity to set the cell surface curvature, stabilize the division and ultimately lead to unequal daughter-cell size.

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Citation (ISO format)
DAEDEN, Alicia et al. Polarized branched Actin modulates cortical mechanics to produce unequal-size daughters during asymmetric division. In: Nature Cell Biology, 2023. doi: 10.1038/s41556-022-01058-9
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ISSN of the journal1465-7392
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Creation02/07/2023 10:52:00 AM
First validation02/07/2023 10:52:00 AM
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