Scientific article

Occlusal traits and longitudinal dental changes in children and adolescents with congenital or childhood onset myotonic dystrophy

Published inEuropean journal of orthodontics, vol. 43, no. 5, p. 527-533
Publication date2021-10-04

Background/objectives: This research aimed to study the malocclusions of children and adolescents with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), in respect to healthy individuals, and trace the occlusal changes that occurred in these individuals during growth.

Materials/methods: Thirty-six dental casts, from children and adolescents with DM1 living in western and southern Sweden, were compared with a control group of 50 healthy individuals. To identify potential changes in occlusal traits, 26 casts were assessed and followed-up over a median time of 9 years. Independent samples t-tests were used to compare the two groups and their changes over time. Paired samples t-tests tested changes over time within each group (P < 0.05).

Results: DM1 patients had a higher prevalence of anterior open bite, posterior crossbite, and Class III malocclusions. When compared to controls, patients presented smaller upper and lower intermolar as well as intercanine widths. In both groups, the individuals revealed longitudinal changes with a decrease in both upper and lower arch lengths and an increase on the palatal vault height. During the follow-up period, the prevalence of malocclusions remained almost the same, only significantly differing regarding the changes that occurred between groups referred to the upper intermolar width, which decreased among DM1 patients.

Conclusions/implications: In comparison to healthy controls, children and adolescents with DM1 have shown already at an early age a higher prevalence of both anterior open bite and posterior crossbite. These occlusal traits did not change with time apart from the upper narrow intermolar width, which further decreased with time.

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Dental Arch
  • Humans
  • Malocclusion / epidemiology
  • Malocclusion / etiology
  • Malocclusion, Angle Class III
  • Myotonic Dystrophy / complications
  • Myotonic Dystrophy / epidemiology
  • Open Bite / epidemiology
  • Open Bite / etiology
  • Palate
Citation (ISO format)
FONTINHA, Clara et al. Occlusal traits and longitudinal dental changes in children and adolescents with congenital or childhood onset myotonic dystrophy. In: European journal of orthodontics, 2021, vol. 43, n° 5, p. 527–533. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjaa068
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0141-5387

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