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Scientific article
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English

Mandibular antegonial notch depth in postpubertal individuals : a longitudinal cohort study

Published inClinical and experimental dental research, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 923-930
Publication date2022-08
First online date2022-04-30
Abstract

Objectives: To perform an epidemiological analysis of the antegonial notch depth in postpubertal individuals and to analyze the development of deep antegonial notches longitudinally in growing individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms of 302 untreated 17/18-year-old subjects (171 males; 131 females), from the craniofacial growth legacy collection, were analysed to measure antegonial notch depth along the mandibular plane. Sex and sagittal malocclusion were investigated as possible factors influencing notch depth. In subjects with deep antegonial notches (>1.5 standard deviation) at the age of 17/18 years, earlier lateral cephalograms at 7/8 and 13/14 years were obtained, and the magnitude of notch depth analyzed longitudinally. Linear regression analyses were used to assess correlations between antegonial notch depth and other recorded variables.

Results: Antegonial notch depth ranged from 0 to 5.3 mm (mean 2.0 ± 1.0 mm). Antegonial notches were significantly deeper in males (2.3 ± 1.1 mm) than females (1.5 ± 0.7 mm) (p < .001). Notch depth was on average 0.3 mm deeper in Class I than in Class II or III individuals (p = .019). Twenty-one subjects (all male) were judged to have deep antegonial notches at the age of 17/18. In these subjects, notch depth deepened from 13/14 to 17/18 years (p < .001), whereas no change was observed between 7/8 and 13/14 years.

Conclusions: Antegonial notch depth shows important variation in postpubertal individuals, with males having deeper notches than females on average. In those with deep antegonial notches (all males in the present sample), notch depth increases not during prepubertal growth but during the pubertal growth spurt.

eng
Keywords
  • Antegonial notch
  • Growth
  • Lateral cephalograms
  • Mandible
  • Adolescent
  • Cephalometry
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Malocclusion
  • Mandible
Citation (ISO format)
SCHUETZ, Christian et al. Mandibular antegonial notch depth in postpubertal individuals : a longitudinal cohort study. In: Clinical and experimental dental research, 2022, vol. 8, n° 4, p. 923–930. doi: 10.1002/cre2.577
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2057-4347
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Creation02/01/2023 3:22:00 PM
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